Media Literacy Activity

Created by: Jackson Smith

Why We Should Remember the Titans

Overview Learning Experience

This film is intended for a middle school aged audience and higher. Students will watch the film, Remember the Titans, and analyze its critical contents. The purpose of the film is to portray how a physically active sport, football, erased the walls of racism in a newly integrated high school in the early 1970’s. This movie was based on a true story and should offer students a visual and an accurate representation of the effects of racism, segregation, and then integration of African-Americans in the United States. This will correlate with our in-class learning of how physical activity can influence cultural competence and help our understanding of appropriate conflict resolution.

After viewing the film, students will be asked 5 high order thinking questions in relation to the movie and media literacy. I plan to use a media outlet to allow students to research and answer their high order thinking questions. Allowing students laptops to research the criteria for the questions and then answering them via another source, like ClassDojo, so students can publish their thoughts and answers to improve their technological skills. Through this process, students will learn more about the integration of public facilities and the effects it had on the people of the United States during the early 1970’s. Students will also learn that physical activity and education can improve cultural knowledge.

North Carolina Physical Education Standard and Clarifying Objectives

NC P.E. Standard: PE.9.PR.4.2: Select the most appropriate ways of responding and mediate to settle conflicts.

Students will meet this standard by exploring how racial confliction of the team was settled through team building and accepting that cultures differ. The movie shows multiple team building routes by making players of the opposite color room together during a preseason camp, to the environment in which practice took place.

NC P.E Standard: PE.9.PR.4.3: Explain the influence of physical activity on cultural competence and the development of self-awareness.

This standard will be met by analyzing the plot of the film and determining that the goal of athletics, although involving a new mixture of different cultures, prevailed by diminishing of racial tensions.


Description of Integration

Remember the Titans (2000) is a film that displays the struggles and triumphs of a newly integrated high school in Virginia during the early 1970’s. It displays the harsh realities of racism in the United States during this time period. This film, to which was based on a true story, is to bring light that integration did not bring an end to racism or inequality. Remember the Titans is a heart felt movie that shows color is only seen by those who look out for it. That through team work and passion, all is possible. Student will watch this film to then analyze its plot and context in regards to its relation to the standard and compare their original visual of integration in the United States to their new viewpoint.

5 Question Sets with Model Student Answers

Q1) Segregation was originally doctored to be titled as, “separate but equal.” Was this the case in regards to public facilities like schools? What event, or legal action, resulted in the desegregation of public facilities? How was the result of this verdict, especially in southern states, shown in the movie?

A1) Segregation did not provide equal opportunity for minorities. The were given diminished and hand me down tools for success in comparison to the white community. The Brown vs. Board of Education Supreme Court case was the legal identification that segregation did not provide equal opportunity and that it needed to be terminated. The movie shows a protest at the freshly integrated school by the white community as a result of Brown vs. Board.

Q2) How did the film change your prior knowledge of segregation and racism during this time period to what yo know now? In what ways was did this film support your base understanding of this topic?

A2) This film opened my eyes to the harsh reality of racism of segregation during this portion of the United States history. I learned that sports can provide an atmosphere that race can be disregarded and allows people to work for a common goal.

Q3) How does the cultures displayed in the movie differ from your own? How did these cultures reshape your idea of what segregation was like?

A3) These cultures shown are not all that different from mine. I am from a North Carolina town right on the border of Virginia, the state in which the setting of the movie take place, so the cultures of the Caucasian characters are similar to mine. Gratefully, the amount of racism displayed in the film to now has decreased but unfortunately still exists. In regards to the African-American culture displayed, it was quite different than mine in forms of the music they listen to or the way they talk and act but I enjoyed learning about it.

Q4) Denzel Washington was chosen to be the lead role in this film, why do you think that is? Would the movie have different if someone like, Eddie Murphy was chosen?

A4) I believe Denzel was chosen because in nearly all his other movies he plays a strong and influential leader allowing the audience to make an immediate connection rather than Eddie Murphy who is more known for his comedic and humorous roles.

Q5) How might the beginning of the film, when the African-American students are being harassed and bullied, might make people of that race feel in comparison to those not part of that culture?

A5) Those part of the the African-American race might feel more anger in relation to this racist taunting where as someone not apart of that culture who maybe feel more remorse or sad that these people had to endure that.


NC P.E. Standard

Brown vs. Board of Education

Remember the Titans Trailer


Coaching and Leadership: an Infinite Position

Academic to Public Translation-Draft 2

            The discourse community I identify with is the coaching society pertaining to organized sports. I will be translating the academic article, “The Sporting Nature of Science” written by Dr. Geraldine Richmond, the Presidential Chair in Science and Professor of Chemistry at the University of Oregon. Richmond, the recipient of the National Medal of Science in 2013, believes coaching can be found in a multitude of environments; even her own laboratory. In this article, Dr. Richmond discusses the role of a coach and their influence on the outcome of the team. Geraldine Richmond believes the role of a coach is to ensure guidance and encouragement to players while developing their skills to maximize potential and give the greatest chance to win. Richmond also discusses the attributes of a good coach in both sports and science. She believes leadership plays an important role in the team’s productivity but the style of leadership differs between the sports and science realms. Sports usually consist of an autocratic style of leadership, whereas a successful style of leadership in a science setting promotes professional workplace.  This article identifies the fact that there are both good and bad coaches and provides effective practices to ensure quality coaching. Geraldine Richmond mentions her cooperation with an organization called, “COACh,” who’s original purpose was provide a forum for women scientists, later grew into a leadership workshop for all. “COACh,” helps develops professional skills focusing on leadership communication and negation.

Dr. Geraldine Richmond

“The Sporting Nature of Science,” uses rhetorical elements to help persuade the ideal that coaching can be found in various occupations, and how, “COACh,” helps develop leadership qualities in all those willing. Richmond uses rhetorical elements in the structure of her article to help persuade her audience. Describing the role of a coach, then the attributes of a good and effective coach in both a sports and science setting prior to discussing how, “COACh,” helps develop all of these qualities persuades the reader that this workshop is in fact efficient. When looking at the three elements of rhetoric in the eyes of Ancient Greek philosopher, Aristotle; Dr. Geraldine Richmond displays ethos, pathos, and logos rhetorical appeals in her article. In the aspect of ethos rhetoric, “The Sporting Nature of Science,” mentions Dr. Richmond’s influential involvement in the program, “COACh,” inferring that she has knowledge of the subject and is successful in this venture. The article also has small professional biography Dr. Geraldine Richmond’s professional resume. This also influences the reader of ethical appeal that the author is creditable. When looking at the pathos element, Richmond does connect on an emotional level with the audience. When discussing, “COACh,” Dr. Richmond discusses how she has worked with the group and its success. This does in fact strengthen her ethos, but also makes an pathetic appeal. Geraldine Richmond has then created a common sense of identity with the audience. Richmond then displays a logos element when discussing the root of the, “COACh,” organization. When describing its origin, Dr. Richmond states that, “ The motivation behind the initial workshops we developed was to provide a forum for women scientists to meet, network and provide mutual support while learning negotiation and communication techniques to help them advance their careers.” She presents a cause and effect scenario. The cause was that there was a need for a women centered forum in the world of science, and the effect was the founding of, “COACh.” This would be considered a logical appeal. Therefore, I do feel as if Dr. Geraldine Richmond does in fact use rhetorical elements in her submission. 


            In conclusion, I chose Dr. Geraldine Richmond’s article, “The Sporting Nature of Science,” because I was interested that she had opened a new ideal to me that coaching is existent in other platforms that just recreational or competitive sports. Her article discussed the roles of coaches as well as their expectations in anywhere from a field to a laboratory. Richmond’s work did contain rhetoric elements in order to persuade the ideals that coaching comes in multiple forms as well as the fantastic production of the organization, “COACh.” There are examples of all three of Aristotle’s elements of rhetoric; ethos, pathos, and logos, in her writing. I plan to translate this academic piece to a public genre in order for those not in my discourse community to gain more knowledge on the subject. To translate an academic piece to a public excerpt, I will use the blogging tool to better reach my audience. Blogs allow me to use outlets like pictures, videos, or other media to better explain this academic article. This blog will also offer me to type on a more personal level in order to better connect with my readers sparking interest in my discourse community.      


Richmond, Geraldine. “The Sporting Nature of Science.” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, vol. 399, no. 1, 2010, pp. 153–155. Google Scholar, doi:10.1007/s00216-010-4393-1.

Williams, George H. “Ethos-Pathos-Logos-The-3-Rhetorical-Appeals.” Dr. Williams : USC Upstate : English Program / Ethos-Pathos-Logos-The-3-Rhetorical-Appeals, 2015,